The world of pharmacy might be proud with one invention that has changed the world – the vaccine. Thanks to the vaccine, many diseases can be controlled, limited or healed very quickly. The flu, for example, could damage seriously the organism of a baby since the young body has not built the immune system yet. It is important for the babies to be protected from the rough cold period.
The positive effect of the anti-flu vaccine is very high – about 70-90%. These vaccines could be applied to kids older than 6 months. From this age the baby’s immune system starts to get weaker, and the organism will not be able to fight the viruses by itself. The dose depends on the age. The doctors are well familiar with them. The best time to apply the vaccine is in October-November, the period before the flu starts to spread around. The organism needs at least 15 days to build up antibodies which will fight the flu.
The immune effect lasts one year. To apply any vaccine, the person must be in a good health condition. It is extremely important for the child to get the vaccine, especially if it suffers from asthma, diabetes, or any disorders that refers to the heart. The reason for the last one is that, the children’s organisms with their problems are weak and they fight with more difficulty against infections. In most of the cases the healthy organism can fight with the flu by itself, without any medicines, therefore it’s important to see a doctor before taking any decisions about vaccines.
Not all the children need the anti-flu vaccine – the ones, raised in a good environment and with healthy food, very often don’t need the vaccine. The reason why children are ill in the winter is the cold weather. First, it affects the immune system. Unfortunately the children get the viruses from other children very easily. Therefore the earlier immune improving actions are taken, the better for the future health of the child. The effect of the vaccines is the same, no matter what kind of virus they are meant to fight against.
Tanks to the vaccine, the organism creates antibodies beforehand. This is how the body gets prepared in case big amount of virus cells attacks it. The bigger the attack is, the more antibodies the organism creates. Usually the amount of antibodies is enough for the organism to be prepared for even a harder attack and not get sick. But still if the body gets sick, the body goes through the whole process very quickly, with no complications.
The production of vaccines involves using a lot of modern technologies. The side effects are lowered to the absolute minimum. Each vaccine contains a group of dead, non-active viruses, which cannot make the organism get sick. They only help the immune system to recognize the nature of the “the enemy”, and fights with it later if necessary. Possible side effects to the organism are: the spot of the skin where the vaccine was applied gets a bit bigger and kind of pink or red; a little bit of fever; overall weakness, etc. But those symptoms go away for a day or two.
In the period of the 15 days while the antibodies are building inside the organism, the person should take care and pay attention to be in a healthy condition.